Resources

ITUC Annual Survey of violations of trade union rights

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ILO Annual Report – Situation of workers of the occupied Arab territories

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July 2016: Labour market transitions of young men and women in the Occupied Palestinian Territory: Results of the 2015 school-to-work transition survey
[International Labour Organisation]

This report presents the highlights of the 2015 School-to-work Transition Survey (SWTS) run together with the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics within the framework of the ILO Work4Youth Project. Results are compared to those of the first round (2013) and the analysis is updated and expanded to supplement the portrait of the youth labour market situation presented in the first survey report.

Main findings:

  • Still too many young people are not fully benefiting from the educational system.
  • Inactivity is the dominant economic activity status among young women, and the
    reasons for their inactivity differ from those of young men.
  • The youth labour market in the OPT is profoundly influenced by gender issues.
  • Youth unemployment in the OPT is among the highest in the region.
  • The overall unemployment rate is increasing in line with the level of completed
    education, but with diverging trends between males and females.
  • The majority of employed youth are working as wage or salaried workers, albeit
    under conditions of informality.
  • The majority of youth have not yet started their transition to work, or have started
    but not yet completed the transition.
  • The few youth who have completed their labour market transition are in stable jobs.
  • An important share of youth transit directly after education, and among those who
    do not, young women are largely disadvantaged.

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October 2013: Non-Enforcement of the Law on Israeli Employers in the Occupied Territories: A selective list of Israeli companies violating Palestinian workers’ rights
[Kav LaOved (Workers’ Hotline)]

While a small group of Palestinian workers this summer received confirmation from the Jerusalem Regional Court that their rights are protected under Israeli labor law, the Ministry of Economy fails to proactively prevent such abuses. Kav LaOved has published a new report describing this situation, including a selective list of Israeli companies in the Occupied Territories which have been sued by their Palestinian employees in recent years. The Even Bar case court victory described above was an important step in the right direction, but only compensates an extremely small fraction of the Palestinians caught in this unjust system.

In producing this report, Kav LaOved hopes that the information
published herein as an act of civil enforcement will lead to enhancement of enforcement by the state and stop the exploitation of Palestinian workers, which constitutes a fundamental role in the economy of the occupation.

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January 2013: Palestinian Workers in Settlements
[Who Profits]

Israeli and international companies that face criticism owing to their activities in the occupied West Bank often attempt to legitimize their businesses in settlements by claiming that they provide labor to Palestinian workers.These claims are blatant attempts to distract public attention from the Israeli occupation. Who Profits uncovers facts that undermine these claims.

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August 2012: Palestinian Employment in Israel and the Settlements
[Kav LaOved (Workers’ Hotline)]

The report describes the many obstacles faced by a Palestinian worker wishing to work in Israel.

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October 2011: Factsheet on Palestine for Trade Unions
[Palestinian Grassroots Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign]

The Apartheid Wall has been deemed illegal by the International Court of Justice, yet the international community has done nothing to halt its encroachment on Palestinian land. Palestinian workers and farmers have been the most effected by the ongoing construction of the wall, thus we reach out to trade unions, invoking the best practices of trade union solidarity and internationalism under the tried and true union slogan of ‘an injury to one is an injury to all!’. We implore workers around the world in the spirit of the South African Anti-Apartheid struggle, where trade union solidarity was critical, to raise awareness within their unions and workplaces about the daily violations Palestinian workers and farmers have to endure. Help us expose the companies complicit in the construction of the Apartheid Wall.
[Click link above for full report]

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March 2011: Mobility Restrictions and Labor Market Dynamics in Conflict Affected West Bank and Gaza
[The World Bank]

The West Bank and Gaza economy went into a deep crisis after the start of Second Intifada in 2000. In the past eleven years, violent political conflict has flared up frequently, particularly at the outset of the Intifada and its immediate aftermath, and in Gaza during 2005-2007. There have also been severe restrictions on the mobility of people and goods (‘closures’), and on access to services. This study undertakes a comprehensive micro-economic analysis of the West Bank and Gaza labor market in this period, using quarterly Palestine Labor Force Survey datasets collected by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics between 1999 and 2009.  A major contribution of this study is to describe and analyze the labor market trends in the light of closures and the major episodes of conflict. A unique feature of this analysis is a longer-term perspective that looks beyond the immediate impact of the conflict to explore persistent ‘structural’ impacts.

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December 2010: BDS Manual

This 66-page manual outlining the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign has been published by the Melbourne-based group, Australians for Palestine, and provides an excellent introductory guide to the campaign for boycott, divestment and sanctions against Israel.

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October 2010: Economic and Physical Oppression: The Wall, The Occupation and Palestinian Workers

This case study from premier Palestinian legal and human right organisation, Al Haq, focuses on human rights violations against Palestinian workers attempting to enter Israel without a permit.

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Principles for Responsible Investment

The United Nations-backed Principles for Responsible Investment Initiative (PRI) is a network of international investors working together to put the six Principles for Responsible Investment into practice.

The Principles were devised by the investment community. They reflect the view that environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) issues can affect the performance of investment portfolios and therefore must be given appropriate consideration by investors if they are to fulfil their fiduciary (or equivalent) duty. The Principles provide a voluntary framework by which all investors can incorporate ESG issues into their decision-making and ownership practices and so better align their objectives with those of society at large.

The PRI Initiative was created in 2006 after the launch of the Principles to help investors to implement the Principles. The Initiative is managed by the PRI Secretariat and supports investors by sharing best practice, facilitating collaboration and managing a variety of work streams. The Initiative is incorporated as a registered charity based in the United Kingdom. The Initiative is funded by an annual subscription fee introduced for all signatories (from 2011). This fee is on a sliding scale according to the relative size of the investor and their signatory type.

A number of Australian industry superannuation funds are signatory to the PRI initiative.

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September 2010: The Labour Sector in Palestine
By Shaher Saed, Secretary General, Palestine General Federation of Trade Unions

The September issue of the monthly magazine, This Week in Palestine, looks at labour in Palestine.  There are various articles and interviews on labour issues for Palestinian workers, including women workers.  We highlight here an article written by Mr Shaher Saed of the PGFTU.
Click on the headline above to access the article.

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January 2009: Justice in the News: A response to Targeting of Media in Gaza
Report of International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) Solidarity Mission to Gaza, 21-23 January 2009

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October 2008: Child Labour in Palestine
A Special Report from the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)

There is no clear definition of street children used in the Palestinian territories. Although they are sometimes referred to as “One Shekel Kids” (Shekel is the currency used in the West Bank and Gaza and it equals 1/3.3 of the US dollar), it is through their association with child labour that they are most often recognised. As such, street children in the Palestinian context may perhaps best be termed “children who spend all day until sunset or later in the streets, markets, traffic jams and Israeli checkpoints, begging, working or selling small trinkets”. [click link above for full report]

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